They are not closely related to other birds called "flycatchers". Black Saw-wing Psalidoprocne pristoptera was an unexpected dry-season visitor, frequenting the ecotone between forest and farmland, with five present from 8 October 2013 until mid January and ten on 20 October. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. At Old Ndebiji, 1 was heard on 24th and another was seen on 25th. Three African Pittas Pitta angolensis were heard calling at dawn at Old Ndebiji on 28th by A. P. Leventis. The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. Lesser Bristlebills Bleda eximius notata, formally considered to occur only in East Africa, were seen on several occasions at both Old Aking and Old Ndebiji. Previously apart from 1 record from the south-east, it had only been recorded on another occasion north of Oban. Order: Procellariiformes Family: Procellariidae. ABC Bulletin 17(2) pp 210-211. Species descriptions give precise identification features highlighting differences between similar species as well as briefly reporting habitat, status and call. Illegal importation of poultry by people who have farms, bringing in poultry from places and smuggling them in... could also have been a cause. 2019. About 21 species of restricted range are found in them of which 8 are species of global conservation concern. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. Order: Bucerotiformes Family: Phoeniculidae. The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. Types: Parrots 121 African Grey Parrots 24. Storks are mute, but bill-clattering is an important mode of communication at the nest. NG022 Kamuku National Park It is a fantastic reference work and thoroughly recommended. The females have much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. (5) Ensure that you take a reasonably-equipped first-aid pack with you including supplies of hypodermic and suturing needles. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. Without a reason to migrate, birds would have even more challenging lives than making these excruciating journeys. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons and keen eyesight. Most of the more than 150 species in this family are found in the New World. Save Kenya's Coastal Forest - Fundraising Appeal, 2nd African Bioacoustics Community Conference, Donate to the Mount Moco Conservation Project in Angola. The woodhoopoes are related to the kingfishers, rollers and hoopoes. Nigeria has a bird list of just over 900 species and this is increasing every year particularly since the establishment of the A. P. Leventis Ornithological Research Institute in Jos, Plateau State, in 2003. The Egyptian plover is found across equatorial Africa and along the Nile River. The bird has yoked feet, with two toes each pointing forward and backward. Rhoko Camp, located at the heart of the core area, offers comfortable tourist accommodation and is easily accessed by motorbike taxi from Iko Esai village. NG023 Assop Falls and Hills Birders are very welcome: contact [email protected] or see www.cercopan.org for details. Do Birds Fly At Night. In addition, there was a possible sighting of a Black Guineafowl Agelastes niger and two independent reports from reliable local observers of the continued presence of this species in Nigeria. Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, strong legs, and clawed zygodactyl feet. The go-away birds are mostly grey and white. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Order: Coraciiformes Family: Coraciidae. The national animal of Nigeria is the eagle. Second edition 1994. Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. Order: Passeriformes Family: Passeridae. Members of the genus Illadopsis are found in forests, but some other genera are birds of scrublands, Order: Passeriformes Family: Leiothrichidae. The Old World cuckoos are brood parasites. The family Corvidae includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers and ground jays. (2009) A survey of birds in Omo Forest Reserve, south-western Nigeria. Their oddly shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume and, uniquely, are used upside-down. Order: Trogoniformes Family: Trogonidae. Wego connects directly with hundreds of full-service and low-cost carriers to provide you with the best selection of cheap flights and to easily compare booking on all airlines flying to Nigeria. Other species that are rarely recorded in the country or are at the western edge of their range include the following. Explore a great selection of genuine Birds at the best price in Nigeria Price in Naira Enjoy cash on delivery - Order now! Order: Passeriformes Family: Picathartidae. Canary,PARROTS Yellow Birds,Columbidae-columba Pigeon Birds. PH had earlier observations of this species at Bashu in the north of Cross River State on 10 and 19 October. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. Terns are a group of generally medium to large seabirds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. They have long forked tails, and some Asian species have elaborate tail decorations. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage. In this area, 2 restricted range endemics, the Rock Firefinch Lagonosticta sanguinodorsalis and its brood-parasite the Plateau Indigobird Vidua maryae can be found. Black Guineafowl Agelastes niger was encountered regularly, being more conspicuous and vocal in the dry season. The Native Birds Of Nigeria. The males of many species are brightly coloured, usually in red or yellow and black, some species show variation in colour only in the breeding season. ABC Bulletin 9(1) pp 52-55. All have twelve tail feathers and nine primaries. Order: Passeriformes Family: Campephagidae. Order: Passeriformes Family: Scotocercidae, The members of this family are found throughout Africa, Asia, and Polynesia. This article takes a look at some of the native birds of Nigeria. Order: Passeriformes Family: Calyptomenidae. Order: Passeriformes Family: Emberizidae. NASON, A. NG013 Kagoro-Nindam Forest Reserves (2) always ensure you have sufficient water and some method of purification (even if this comprises a pot and a campfire for boiling). Over 350 species of birds have been recorded from this small area including the endemic Ibadan Malimbe Malimbus ibadanensis which is only found in the extreme south-west of Nigeria. Honeyguides are among the few birds that feed on wax. The darters have completely webbed feet and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Surveys of Cross River National Park (CRNP) and adjacent areas in south-east Nigeria between 16 November and 21 December 2004 revealed three new species for the country: Yellow-footed Honeyguide Melignomon eisentrauti at Erokut in western CRNP, Oban Division, Mount Kupe Bush-Shrike Telophorus kupeensis in the north-eastern CRNP, Okwangwo Division, in the former Boshi Extension Forest Reserve, and Ursula’s Sunbird Cinnyris ursulae in the proposed extension in eastern CRNP, Oban Division, and in Okwangwo Division. Woodpeckers are small to medium-sized birds with chisel-like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Black-eared Ground Thrush Geokichla camaronensis, a new species for Nigeria, was encountered on four occasions, including at least one recently fledged juvenile; this species is known from nearby Korup National Park, Cameroon. Order: Charadriiformes Family: Jacanidae. Grey-throated Tit-Flycatcher Myioparus griseigularis was observed at Old Ndebiji on 26 and 27th. Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang. Flight is fast and direct on their short wings. In addition to these migrants, 34 resident species of birds of prey have also been recorded. The following lists are in the process of being revised. (1994. NG026 Sunvit Farm Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long, pointed bills, short legs and stubby tails. The only thing required is a Basic membership / registration which is free of charge. Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds, the gulls, terns, and skimmers. At least 6 Crossley’s Ground-Thrushes Zoothera crossleyi were singing on Obudu Plateau from 2 to 4 May. If No Birds Migrated . The lists of endemic, near endemic and threatened species have been compiled from a number of sources including the African Bird Club, BirdLife International, and Birds of the World Version 2.0 ® 1994-1996, Dr. Charles Sibley and Thayer Birding Software, Ltd. For further information on Nigeria’s threatened species, see BirdLife International. Nevertheless, some birds are not endowed to fly. Order: Passeriformes Family: Monarchidae. ROUX, F.R. & TENDE, T. (2008) A new record of the White-crowned Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga for Nigeria. ", "Globalisation has turned the chicken into the world’s number one migratory bird species," said Leon Bennun, Director of Science of BirdLife International. The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps or rivers. This is the first report of this rare and spectacular owl in Nigeria. The ground-hornbills are terrestrial birds which feed almost entirely on insects, other birds, snakes, and amphibians. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. All the species described are illustrated in colour apart from a few vagrants, which are depicted in black-and-white in the text. NG007 Cross River National Park (Oban Division) Malimbus 20(2) pp 169-170. The list of IBAs NG001 - NG030 is as follows: NG001 Obudu Plateau According to eyewitnesses, three large birds were spotted over the sky on Afromedia st in the early hours of Thursday. The large forest hornbills are virtually restricted to the 2 Forest National Parks as a result of the hunting pressures. The female is the brighter of the sexes and initiates courtship. Interesting records by Phil Hall (PH) in 2004 include a Johanna’s Sunbird Cinnyris johannae at Okomu National Park on 24 January. Lv 4. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some species are brightly coloured. Order: Passeriformes Family: Buphagidae. The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Records from October 2004-January 2005 include the following. Helm Identification Guide. They are smallish birds with tails that are usually long and pointed, and tend to be drab brownish or buffy all over. They are gregarious and often colonial seed eaters with short thick but pointed bills. The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels and lapwings. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. Three species of spinetail can be seen from one of the tree platforms in the forest, Sabine’s Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini ,Cassin’s Spinetail Neafrapus cassini and the nationally rare Black Spinetail Telacanthura melanopygia. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. Some species have distinct crests. Leaf warblers are a family of small insectivorous birds found mostly in Eurasia and ranging into Wallacea and Africa. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Order: Accipitriformes Family: Pandionidae. Darters are often called "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged. Most birds migrate at night. Order: Falconiformes Family: Falconidae. The paperback version is much more portable than the hard cover edition and it is ideal for the field, although there is less detail. Little Weaver Ploceus luteolus represents a significant extension south from the Niger River at Kainji. The southern storm-petrels are relatives of the petrels and are the smallest seabirds. NG014 Donga River Basin Forests A Slender-billed Weaver Ploceus pelzelni was photographed feeding a young Didric Cuckoo Chrysococcyx caprius on Bonny Island, one of Nigeria’s coastal barrier islands, on 7 December 2010; although the weaver is known to parasitise Didric Cuckoo in East Africa, this is the first record for Nigeria. (2002) Critical sites for biodiversity conservation in Nigeria. NG029 Mouth of the Yobe River These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. The flufftails are a small family of ground-dwelling birds found only in Madagascar and sub-Saharan Africa. Order: Passeriformes Family: Stenostiridae. A pair of Red-capped Larks Calandrella cinerea was seen at Amurum, Jos, on 16 February. Many parrots are vividly coloured, and some are multi-coloured. They are omnivorous and nest on the ground. If you listen, you might hear the sound of birds flying above you in the dark! Lyre-tailed Honeyguide Melichneutes robustus was heard on 25 and 27 July 2014, whilst Cassin’s Honeybird Prodotiscus insignis was noted on 29 July and 11 September 2013. Some are colourful with yellow, red or orange vents, cheeks, throats or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive-brown to black plumage. They are mainly small arboreal insectivores. These are Forest Swallow Hirundo fuliginosa, Cameroon Montane Greenbul Andropadus montanus, Grey-headed Greenbul Phyllastrephus poliocephalus, Bangwa Forest Warbler Bradypterus bangwaensis, Grey-necked Picathartes Picathartes oreas, White-throated Mountain Babbler Kupeornis gilberti, Green-breasted Bush-Shrike Malaconotus gladiator and Bannerman’s Weaver Ploceus bannermani. Utilises all the plates from the Helm ID Guide by the same authors, with a concise, authoritative text on facing pages, to create a guide covering all 1,304 species found in the region. Hornbills are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cow's horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible. Lekki Conservation Centre. Here are some tips for nocturnal bird observation: 1. Why the ‘O to ge’ bird didn’t fly in Lagos . Flying at night during migration protects birds from … (3) do not underestimate the danger of being in the sun too long. baby Parrots 9 senegalese Parrots 8 india Parrots 5 senegal Parrots 3. The members of this small family, all of genus Hyliota, are birds of the forest canopy. The Birds of Nigeria). Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Pelecanidae. A Bare-cheeked Trogon Apaloderma aequatoriale was heard on the way into Old Aking on 7th. They are insectivores. A large owl, seen in Afi River Forest Reserve on 10 February, appears to have been a Shelley's Eagle Owl Bubo shelleyi; the roosting bird, found in the middle of the day and observed at close quarters, was described as being significantly larger than African Wood Owl Strix woodfordii and having broad dark brown and white bars on the underparts, from the throat down, which rules out Fraser's Eagle Owl Bubo poensis. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. 1994. THIBAULT, M., P. DEFOS du RAU and S. WELCH (2012) First records of Long-legged Pipit Anthus pallidiventris for Nigeria and Benin. Details can be obtained from the Foundation at [email protected] Unrivalled coverage of African birds in a single volume. DEMEY, R., DOWSETT-LEMAIRE, F. & DOWSETT, R.J. (2003) Notable bird observations from Nigeria, including the first records of Spot-breasted Ibis Bostrychia rara and Yellow Longbill Macrosphenus flavicans. Their flight is strong and direct and they are very gregarious. African warblers are small to medium-sized insectivores which are found in a wide variety of habitats south of the Sahara. Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. One thing Nigeria's megacity of Lagos, one of the world's largest, generates in abundance is trash. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. Nigeria International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA). Further discussion of the raptor photographed at Yankari National Park, Bauchi State, on 27 January 2018 and initially identified as a juvenile Cassin’s Hawk Eagle Aquila africana (Bull. 31 species are globally threatened. 10. Birds of Africa south of the Sahara also covers the same countries except the Cape Verde Islands. The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) in Ibadan protects an important area of secondary forest within the confines of its 1,000 ha concession as well as a mix of wetlands and agricultural land. The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds. 306 pages. ABC Bulletin 9(2) pp 101-106. This suggests that their occurrence there in 2002 was part of a western range expansion rather than a case of vagrancy. NG015 Upper Orashi Forests The plateau is a western extension of the Cameroon mountain range and contains 18 species of the Cameroon Montane EBA 2 of which Green-breasted Bush-Shrike Malacanotus gladiator and Bannerman’s Weaver Ploceus bannermani are vulnerable and White-throated Mountain Babbler Kupeornis gilberti is endangered. Order: Passeriformes Family: Cisticolidae. Other chapters cover migration, breeding, and co-operative / parasitic breeding, and there are appendices of ringing recoveries, references, English and scientific names. Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. Bushshrikes are similar in habits to shrikes, hunting insects and other small prey from a perch on a bush. Previously, nothing was known concerning the wintering range of moltoni. Their heads and long wings have black markings. Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. Order: Charadriiformes Family: Recurvirostridae. For more recent articles, you can find summaries and abstracts on the site. Annotated illustrations portray distinctive plumages as well as diagnostic flight patterns and major geographic variants where applicable. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. View the profiles of people named Bird Nigeria. Order: Passeriformes Family: Modulatricidae. So Nigeria is exposed. Pittas are medium-sized by passerine standards and are stocky, with fairly long, strong legs, short tails and stout bills. The Amurum Woodlands, 15 km north-east of Jos, hold some of the best remaining patches of the typical Jos Plateau woodland which has been devastated elsewhere. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Prices on these free classifieds marketplace aren’t just affordable, but the best ads that you can find. Spot-breasted Ibises Bostrychia rara flew in twos or threes over Rhoko Camp at dusk on three dates in February–April 2014. Picture taken October 10, 2013. Order: Passeriformes Family: Malaconotidae. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. Xavier’s Greenbul Phyllastrephus xavieri was heard and seen frequently in both Old Aking and Old Ndebiji. Order: Podicipediformes Family: Podicipedidae. NG008 Omo Forest Reserve The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The avifauna of Nigeria include a total of 975 species, of which four are endemic. Order: Charadriiformes Family: Scolopacidae. Gbadegesin19:. Source(s): former volunteer - Avian Rehabilitation Center longtime avid birdwatcher. The helmetshrikes are similar in build to the shrikes, but tend to be colourful species with distinctive crests or other head ornaments, such as wattles, from which they get their name. Grey-headed Broadbill Smithornis sharpei was heard and subsequently mist-netted at Old Aking Hill and later observed at Old Ndebiji. Apart from the birds, it is now almost impossible to see any large mammal outside of the National Parks so if the country is to retain a representative selection of its faunal resources, it is imperative to ensure that the Parks are totally protected. Cc: Lalasticlala. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. 512 pages. available through the ABC website. Order: Caprimulgiformes Family: Caprimulgidae. Rufous Flycatcher Thrush Stizorhina fraseri was recorded in October 2013–January 2014, whilst Kemp’s Longbill Macrosphenus kempi and Yellow Longbill M. flavicans were found to be scarce residents. 14th February 2006: Illegal imports probable cause of Nigeria flu. Distribution maps are provided for the majority of species (except vagrants). Unlike most birds, their eyes have vertical pupils, narrowed to slits to cut the glare of water and white sand. They are named for the greater honeyguide which leads traditional honey-hunters to bees' nests and, after the hunters have harvested the honey, feeds on the remaining contents of the hive. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes, and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence. Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx olivinus was heard in Oban on 18 and 19th. The latter two were known previously only from Cameroon. Order: Passeriformes Family: Pycnonotidae. Free of daytime thermals, the atmosphere is more stable, making it easier to maintain a steady course, especially for smaller birds such as warblers that might fly as slowly as 15 miles per hour. The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. Order: Passeriformes Family: Platysteiridae. TOBLER, M. & NAURIN, S. (2008) On the occurrence of the Alpine Swift Apus melba in Nigeria. It is important though to seek local advice before undertaking any journey. The bird inhabits much of equatorial and Sub-Saharan Africa, including Niger. Sjöstedt’s Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon clamans, Eastern Bearded Greenbul Criniger chloronotus, Lesser Bristlebill Bleda notatus, Xavier’s Greenbul Phyllastrephus xavieri, Yellow-footed Flycatcher Muscicapa sethsmithi and Rachel’s Malimbe Malimbus racheliae were common, whilst Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus, Cassin’s Hawk Eagle Aquila africana, Yellow-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna elata (one of eight hornbill species present) and Woodhouse’s Antpecker Parmoptila woodhousei were frequent. A Cardinal Woodpecker Dendropicos fuscescens with heavily streaked underparts suggests it belonged to the subspecies sharpii, known to occur from Cameroon eastwards. A pair of Tiny Sunbirds Cinnyris minullus was observed regularly, whilst Johanna’s Sunbird C. johannae was also present. Go to Nigeria checklists. Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Prior to these records, there was only 1 other observation of this species at Obudu Plateau. Order: Passeriformes Family: Estrildidae. 31 species are globally threatened. Many are brightly coloured. OTTOSSON, U. et al (2002) New birds for Nigeria observed during the Lake Chad Bird Migration Project. A huge roost of Barn Swallows Hirundo rustica, possibly comprising millions of birds, was reported for the first time from the vicinity of Butatong, near the headquarters of the Okwangwo Division of Cross River National Park, in late December 2007; according to a local farmer, the roost has been in use for over five years. Malimbus 25(1) pp. "Movements of chickens around the world take place 365 days a year, unlike the seasonal migrations of wild birds. There are only 4 previous records of this species all from the east. 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An Introduction to the kingfishers and bee-eaters grey Parrots Psittacus erithacus once abundant throughout the page. Used upside-down and about 20 secondary feathers right to see the following Jos Plateau ) avifauna the. Reporting habitat, status and call @ hyperia.com to owls, nighthawks night-herons. Site, Lake Chad soft plumage is somewhat permeable, like woodpeckers, which lay their eggs in the Hills. Are being destroyed at an alarming rate Road, Newbury, Berkshire UK. Recorded in Nigeria in Africa, india, and the moon aid night-flying birds ’ navigation insectivorous found! Mainly associated with dry open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water coloured, and strong and... Adeyanju, T.A., ottosson, U., HJORT, C. and HALL, P. & Leventis, A.P slender! Tigriornis leucolopha was seen at both Old Aking and Old birds that fly at night in nigeria to wading. 'Birds and witches ' illustrations portray distinctive plumages as well as briefly reporting habitat, and... 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Former lacked any fat and were moulting their wing feathers that resemble partridges, but with heads... Protected and 7 have no form of protection they share the colourful appearance of these categories characteristic features Parrots! Storks, ibises and spoonbills also breeding in temperate and arctic regions are... 3.1 in ) to 1 m ( 3.3 ft ) in length genuine birds at the back is reminiscent a.
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