Balanced diets for dogs provide enough magnesium that the animal needs. However, sometimes, due to specific health conditions, dogs may need magnesium supplements for dogs.
In the body, the amount of magnesium that exists is less than that of calcium or phosphorus. This magnesium is mainly stored – between 60 or 70% – in the bones. In addition to this function of providing structure to the skeleton, magnesium intervenes in other metabolic pathways of the body. In fact, it is the most abundant intracellular cation, on which many functions of the organism depend.
The richest foods in this trace element are mostly of plant origin. Among them, we find whole grains and legumes, although there are also dairy products.
Magnesium supplements can be used as a drug in pregnant or postpartum bitches.
Magnesium supplements in dogs can be used as a therapeutic drug to cure or regulate preeclampsia in pregnant dogs. Eclampsia is caused by a decrease in the concentration of calcium in the blood and, in addition, can be used to cure certain types of arrhythmias.
Magnesium supplements in dogs improve diabetes
Magnesium improves glycemic control in individuals with diabetes mellitus. When a supplement of magnesium is added to the diet, it helps lower fasting glucose concentrations and after meals. It also increases insulin sensitivity.
Arteriosclerosis did not use to be a common disease in dogs. In fact, this animal was considered as after resistant. However, today, more cases of arteriosclerosis are reported in dogs every day. It is believed that this occurs because of its proximity to the human being, its role as a pet, and the poor diet that many dogs have today, being fed excessively and with food for humans.
This disease is characterized by the formation of fibrous plaques in one of the layers of the veins and arteries, and by fat deposits. Magnesium supplements, in these cases, can lower blood triglycerides, inflammation and increase HDL or the one known as ‘good cholesterol.’
Magnesium supplements collaborate with medications for hypertensive dogs so that they increase their effectiveness. Therefore, it is interesting the combined use of these supplements with drugs aimed at hypertension, always under strict veterinary control.
They can help the health of dogs with chronic kidney disease
The progressive loss of renal function is accompanied by an alteration in bone calcification and a decrease in phosphorus excretion and, in addition, promotes vascular calcification. All this can cause hyperphosphatemia in the dog, which would lead to poisoning and, in some cases, death.
Magnesium, combined with other components, collaborates in the uptake of free phosphorus. This improves bone calcification and reduces the concentration of phosphate ion in blood.
Magnesium as a chondroprotective
Many chondroprotective or other supplements for dog cartilage contain magnesium. This is because, occasionally, joint problems can begin with a deficit of magnesium in the diet or the inability to assimilate it.